Simurgh : Mysterious Giant Healing Bird

In Iranian or Persian mythology, the Simurgh is a legendary flying creature who is considered as benign and generous. It is thought to help detoxify the environment and provide fertility.

The animal represented the unification of the heaven and the earth by acting as a messenger between the two.

The Simurgh is said to have been inspired by the Arabian mythology of the Roc and the Rukh.

It can be found throughout numerous periods of Iranian literature and art, as well as in the iconography of other cultures affected by Persian culture.

What is the Myth of the Simurgh Bird?

Simurgh Mysterious Giant Healing Bird

According to Iranian folklore, the bird survived long enough to witness the destruction of the planet three times. It is thought that the animal possesses information that has been passed down through the ages.

According to one legend, the bird lived for approximately 1,700 years before dying. The animal was thought to help cleanse the surroundings and provide fecundity.

It was also portrayed as a messenger between the heavens and the earth. The Simurgh were said to live in Gaokerena, which lies in the center of the world’s sea.

The plant is renowned as an all-healing plant because of its powerful therapeutic powers. When the Simurgh took flight, its leaves shook, causing all of the tree of life’s seeds to fall off.

These seeds then sailed over the planet, transforming into every variety of plant that has ever existed through the rains of the Tishtrya and Vayu-Vata winds.

Stories Associated with Simurgh:

Simurgh Mysterious Giant Healing Bird

 In Persian culture and literature, there are numerous myths or stories surrounding the Simurgh. One of the most notable is its appearance in the epic poem “Shahnameh” (The Book of Kings), composed in the 10th century CE by the poet Ferdowsi.

Simurgh saves a young prince named Zal from a mountain where his father abandoned him due to his albino hair in this poem. In its nest on Mount Alborz, the Simurgh raises Zal as its own kid, teaching him all manner of knowledge and skills. When Zal reaches adulthood, he returns to his human family and rises to become a great hero and ruler. He also marries a princess named Rudabeh, who bears the renowned hero Rostam.

Another famous Simurgh story is “The Conference of the Birds,” penned by the poet Attar in the 12th century CE. Thousands of birds gather in this fable to begin on a trip to discover their rightful ruler, who is claimed to be the Simurgh.

Along the road, they experience numerous trials and tribulations that put their faith and courage to the test. Only 30 birds make it to the end of their mission, where they realize that they are the Simurgh they were searching for.

Physical Characteristics

Simurgh Mysterious Giant Healing Bird

The Simurgh is represented in Iranian art as a winged beast large enough to carry off a whale or an elephant. It was originally shown as a type of peacock with a dog’s head and lion’s claws, and then with a human’s face.

The Simurgh is also intrinsically good and clearly female. She suckles her young and has teeth because she is part mammal.  It is hostile to snakes and prefers to live in areas with an abundance of water.

Other Names

Simurgh can also be spelled simorq, simoorg, or simourv. The word simurg is derived from the Middle Persian senmurw and appears as sina-mru in Persian manuscripts. Saena is a personal name derived from the simurg that is often used by Armenians.

The Persians first introduced the word “peacock” to Armenian as “siramarg.” On the other hand, “si murg” literally translates to “thirty birds,” and it was utilized by Attar of Nishapur in his novel “The Conference of the Birds.”

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The Significance of Simurgh

Simurgh Mysterious Giant Healing Bird

Simurgh is a Persian term that means “30 birds” in Persian. This could relate to its age (30 centuries), size (30 meters), or color (30 feathers). However, according to another interpretation, the name Simurgh is a metaphor for a precise number of knowledgeable birds (of unseen occurrences), rather than the number 30. Around the 10th century BCE, the Simurgh first appeared in Persian folklore and literature, and it has since appeared in numerous epic poems, tales, and legends. 

The Simurgh is revered as the benevolent guardian of the natural world and the king or queen of all birds. It is also connected with wisdom because it knows all ages and languages. Furthermore, because it lives for a very long time and regularly burns itself in fire to renew its youth, the Simurgh is a metaphor of immortality.

Throughout history, the Simurgh has been depicted in a variety of art mediums, including paintings, sculptures, carpets, ceramics, and jewelry. It is frequently represented as a huge bird with gleaming plumage, a stately creature exuding regal authority. This fabled figure evokes awe with a head decorated with brilliant plumes and a body draped in feathers of various colors. 

Simurgh in the Modern Era

Simurgh Mysterious Giant Healing Bird

The Simurgh is still relevant and appealing in modern times. On the contrary, for many Iranians, it has become a symbol of national identity and pride.

The Simurgh symbolizes Iran’s ancient heritage, cultural diversity, tenacity, and ingenuity. The Simurgh also represents the Iranian people’s principles and goals, such as wisdom, justice, freedom, and peace.

The Simurgh can be seen in many different forms of current Iranian art, fashion, and design. The Simurgh, for example, is frequently utilized as a motif or emblem for books, periodicals, films, music albums, apparel labels, jewelry, and other things.

Many public artworks, including paintings, statues, fountains, and gardens, feature the Simurgh. Many Iranians and others who adore the Simurgh find inspiration and beauty in its charm and mystery.

The Crystal Simorgh Award is a prominent and sought-after prize that draws many creative and well-known filmmakers to the Fajr International Film Festival.

It features the most recent film trends and breakthroughs, as well as timeless classics and masterpieces. It also represents the social and political difficulties and challenges confronting Iranian society and the world as a whole.


The Simurgh is a fascinating legendary creature from Persian mythology. It is a magnificent bird that represents wisdom, protection, and immortality. Many stories and traditions about it have inspired Persian culture and literature.

It has also been depicted in numerous kinds of art throughout history and in modern times. The Simurgh is an important aspect of Iranian culture and pride.

If you want to learn more about this fascinating creature, you should visit Iran and immerse yourself in its rich cultural legacy. Iran will astound you with its natural beauty and diversity. In Iran, there are numerous venues where you may see or learn about the Simurgh.

We hope that this article has piqued your interest in the Simurgh and Iran. We encourage you to visit this mythological wonder during your trip to Iran. Explore the Simurgh’s country and allow the enchantment of Persian mythology to take flight in your mind.

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